March 2010


West Sumatra is very Islamic community, so when you come to this city, here are some things you can consider to make your trip more enjoyable:

1. Don’t doing consume alcohol beverages in public places
If you ambition to consume alcohol beverages, you have to go to the bar or hotel. If you doing that in public places, local peoples will stay away from you, or maybe they away you go.

2. Don’t wear bikinis
If you bathe or swim in a public place, you should not wear bikinis. Use a bathing suit that covers your thighs and anatomy perfectly. Or you can try the traditional way, namely by using clothing or traditional cloth.

3. Never hesitate to bargain
On average, the peoples of West Sumatera are humans who like to trade and bargain. Just be sure you can speak Bahasa or at least you can understand it and never hesitate to bargain.

4. Show a friendly attitude
Minang society is people who are warm and friendly. They will love to help you when you need help. Show a friendly attitude, and be polite, then they will respect you more.

5. Never hesitate to ask for help
If you have any trouble, don’t hesitate to ask for help from the police. Of course, this is the most secure way you have.

6. Accept a road map of west Sumatra
It would be better if you don’t forget to have your own Padang/ West Sumatra travel map.

7. Accept a Minangkabau languange dictionary
There is aswell a acceptable if you have a local language dictionary. Community will be pleased to see you learn their language.

A matriline is a line of descent from a female ancestor to a descendant (of either sex) in which the individuals in all intervening generations are female. In a matrilineal descent system (= uterine descent), an individual is considered to belong to the same descent group as his or her mother. There is interesting case right now regarding this unique culture only and only applied by Minangkabau ethnic in sumatra and Negeri Sembilan in Malaysia. Matrlileneal folk in sumatra are pride person and have very tolerant mind.

The Importance of Clan in Minangkabau
Suku (meaning : clan or tribes) or matriclan is the main unit of Minangkabau social structure and one can not be viewed as the Minangkabau if he does not have a tribe. Tribe exogamis nature, except when no longer able traced family relationship between the two namesake tribe in the village but there are different. Because people from the same tribe usually occupy the same location, the tribe could mean genealogical and territorial, whereas without kampuang (meaning “villages”) linked to one particular tribe only meant merely territorial.

Each tribe minang usually consists of several “paruik” (meaning “family”) and headed by kapalo paruik or tungganai (meaning “leader of several family”). “Paruik” can be subdivided into “jurai” and “jurai” is also divided into samande (meaning “single mother”). The way in Minangkabau ethnic division as such may differ from one region to another. “Jurai” is a vague term which may indicate similarities alone or affinity consanguinealitas groups below or above the level “paruik”. “Samande”, by contrast, hardly viewed as a stand-alone unit because two or three may be the same samande inhabit one house and each has a property other fixtures, while all the things that are important in the circle of life (life cycle) can not be solved by the members of the same samande (which is usually centered around a grandmother), but must be submitted to paruik.

Members of the same “paruik” (meaning “same family”) usually have community property (harato pusako), such as joint land, including fields, houses and the large sieve with pandam cemetery. Because ‘paruik’ developing, he may split itself into two paruik or more, though still in a single tribe. And with the growing interest he may also be divided into two or more new, related tribe.

Family Structure in Matrilineal System
In a matrilineal descent system / matriahat in Minangkabau, the father is not a member of the lineage of his children. He is considered a guest and treated as guests in the family, which aim primarily to give offspring. He called samando or urang samando. Is a legitimate place in the line of his mother in which he serves as a member of the family in the male-line descendants of that. By tradition, at least, their responsibility to be there. He is a trustee of the line-protective of their offspring and lineage property that even if he had to restrain herself from enjoying the fruit of the ground by his people because he was not able to claim part of anything for herself. Nor was he given a place at the home of her parents (maternal / matrilineal) beacause for all booths reserved for female family members, namely to accept their husbands at night. The position of men who are that motivates shaky Minang men to wander (merantau).

Men usually make a living by going to the market to traders, or working as a carpenter, a plow in the field, tailors, shop owners, office workers, and so on. He worked in the fields of line-offspring or descendants of his wife-line only in passing, if nothing else will do.

If he decided to cultivate the land from the lineage of his mother to get some results, he is usually doing so as a “penyedua’ (meaning : employee profit-sharing), where he received only part of the results, while the other part devoted to the outline of the actual female offspring became the owner of the land.

Marriage, therefore, does not create a new nuclear family (nuclear family), because the husband or wife respectively remain members of their lineage respectively. Therefore the notion of nuclear family consisting of mother, father and children as a separate unit is not in Minangkabau social structure because he always protected by a system of matrilineal descent is more powerful. As a result, children are counted as members of maternal lineage and are always attached themselves more to the mother and other members of that lineage. A weak bond to the father is even more obvious when the man with polygamy, in which he turns to visit his wife, and more rarely meet with their children. Ties were added decreased again when divorce occurs, in which he rarely met with his children.

Since a lot of Indonesian right now imitate the use of single last name in family as what valid in western culture that’s also happened in minangkabau family. If it happened we confront the name of someone from minangkabau let’s say ikhlas guci, sometimes it does not mean he is from suku (clan) guci, because it might be his father name is agus guci, he just adopt his father last name to be used in his last name as it is becoming trend in indonesian right now to use same last name. But his suku/clan might not be guci but something else such as chaniago how come? Because his mother is chanigo, remember in matrilineal culture suku/clan come from mother side, then of course agus guci can marry the girl from suku guci because the guci on agus name is just the last name not the suku/clan.

The Mentawai Islands lie roughly 100 km off of the west coast of Sumatra in Indonesia. They consist of 4 main islands with many smaller islands scattered throughout. From north to south, the main islands are Siberut, Sipora, North Pagi, and South Pagi.

Mapaddegat, District of North Sipora known as the most fun place to watch the sunset. Sunsets in the Mentawai islands off the coast of Indonesia are some of the most beautiful in the world. The palm tree silhouettes in the orange toned sky create exotic tropical art.

Another place to watch the sunset is Awera Island. Awera Island surrounded by world class waves, rainforest and coral reefs, the Awera Island Guesthouse is a small, comfortable and affordable accommodation option for guests wanting to experience the waves of the Mentawai Islands.

Photo copyright by Aaron Chang Gallery, thenusantara, torstenhildebrand

Loguang cave has 7 Km length with one entrance and has six windows. Entrance equipped with a safety ladder, while the window can be used as the exit. Because the beauty of the landscape rocks and stalagnit Stalactite inside the cave, this place being tourism destination which visited by tourists both domestic and foreign as from Europe.

Getting There
Loguang cave located at Nagari Air Angek, Sijunjung District, West Sumatra, Indonesia. Located about 20 Km from the capital center district, Muaro Sijunjung, or 110 km from the Padang City. To reach the location, you can use four-wheel vehicle and two wheels. Loguang cave located between two hot-water bath and reservation forest area, flowed by Tanggalo river. This cave used as an alternative suitable tourist area.

To Do
Natural tourism object which is about 110 km from Padang city, along the way, visitors can also enjoy a variety of different flora and fauna are quite unique and the only one in this area. Loguang cave has a steep rock which so beautifully that often made of rock climbing locations. Ornaments hanging, stalactites and spread free stalaknit with various shapes and dazzling colors.

This cave is still alive, because there is a small stream of cold water splashing out. More amazement, a small river in this dark cave is decorated with various kinds of fish and other domesticated animals. Fascinating cave scenery plus mysterious legend stories behinds, increase your curiosity and overawed that make you explore deeper and deeper into the cave.

Besides enjoying the scenery in the cave, in the middle of the cave you will find a vast flat expanse that can be a relaxing place for families.

This stretch is often used as a camping site for groups of young people. The cool air can still be enjoyed in this cave, because the wind came in from the window and the entraced. Various birds chirping can also be heard as the singing of the morning.

Visitors not only enjoy the beauty of cave but also can immerse themselves in the two hot water pool and can enjoy the beautiful scenery of Bukik Kunik (turmeric mountain), which is a place for recreation with beautiful scenery and at its peak there is a clear water lake with golden color.

First pool is designed for public facilities, which shower rooms and dressing rooms are available. The other pool is located at foothills with primitif natural shower surrounds with shady trees, and far away from public crowded. Both pools have hot water level around 40-500 C with sulfur concentrate level ranged between 0,08-1,00 mg / I and effective for curing skin diseases, rheumatism, etc.

Besides hot spring, there’s two cool spring available too in this tourism area, first one located near to the one of the cave entrances (there’s 3 entrances into the cave) and the other one is just beside to the one of the hot spring pool. These cool spring pools have very cool, clear and fresh water, directly flows from the cave stream and Tanggalo river, all exhaustion after exploring the cave dissapears, only freshness body left.

Taman Hutan Raya Bung Hatta is a heaven that promises a tropical landscape of the undulating and steep. This place is a natural reserve areas of primary forest of West Sumatra which serves to preserve germplasm, natural resource protection, education and research, guidance and love of nature covering 70,000 hectare. Taman Hutan Raya Bung Hatta covered by a wide variety of tropical plants that are still original and is inhabited by hundreds of animal species typical of the island of Sumatra. In this area there are 352 species of flora and 170 species of protected fauna.

Taman Hutan Raya Bung Hatta is a part of Kerinci Seblat National Park. This area covering of 14 rivers, some of which lead to Padang, such as the Batang Arau, Batang Kuranji, and Batang Air Dingin. Taman Hutan Raya Bung Hatta not just a botanical garden but as well as a place of recreation. This place is a must to visit especially for nature lovers.

Getting There
Taman Hutan Raya Bung Hatta located on the way to Solok and is about 300 -1,000 metres above sea level. Transportation to Taman Hutan Raya Bung Hatta is not difficult, because all buses going to Solok has to pass this park


The cool mountain air and ponoramic view, make this area a popular resort for both young or old. For the younger age group, they can camp and explore the area nearby while the older people can go for long walks in the park. Monkeys and otiier animals can also found here, and they protected by the park garden.

As same with the name, Pulau Penyu (turtle island) is an island of white sand that every day was visited by turtles to lay their eggs. There are so many turtle live on that island. For local citizen the turtle’s egg was their food, they called “talua katuang”.

Pulau Penyu is an island for turtle conservation. The local government make some movement to everlasting the turltes from faded. The island is also open for visitors who want to research, tourism and sightseeing.

Getting There
Pulau Penyu located at Painan city, Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatera, Indonesia about 75 kilometers from the Padang city. When a car traveling at the speed of average spend only about 2 hours drive, not too far right?

Pulau Penyu is about 20 Km from the beach of Painan city. To reach to this island we can use speed boat or fisherman boat, this journey spend about 1,5 hours.

To Do
Pulau Penyu is good for research tourism and sightseeing. If you want to watch turtles lay eggs, please come to this turtle island. Guaranteed to be satisfied!!

Carocok Beach has a very clean sand and white, has a sloping beach to swim so they can for children and adults, the water was very clear.

Carock beach is dealing with the Kereta islands and Cingkuak island. From a distance also appears semangki island with beautiful scenery and the water is very clean. Topography of the city like cupcakes, the hills surrounding the city are green hills and the sea adjacent to its west lies the clear ocean booming.

Cingkuak island is an legendary island for Indonesia, since this island where the Dutch first landed on the island of Sumatra. We can find the Dutch fortress which still exists today.

Getting There
Carocok Beach located at Painan, Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatera, Indonesia about 75 kilometers from the Padang city. When a car traveling at the speed of average spend only about 2 hours drive, not too far right?


Carocok Beach have quite complex existing tourism facilities such as hotels, guesthouse, restaurants, cafes, boat rental, art shop, Mosque, gazebo, toilet and camping areas, floating bridge and floating stage.

Floating gazebo and the bridge is a facility that also add to the allure of Carocok beach. The bridge is made of wood foundations made of asphalt cement concrete. Extends from the edge of the beach Carocok sea bay, there are up to the Rock Island Railway. At each intersection bridge erected gazebo place to relax, enjoy the beach.

Likewise with the other supporting facilities, camping facilities, misuse of a corner in the bay beach Carocok into or going straight to the Cingkuak Island. Floating stage that can be used if there is art activities or Band Festival. Rent boat which can take us to tour the island or Pulau Batu Kareta Cingkuak.

To Do
Visitor can do various activity such as swimming, diving for surfing sports lovers to see the beauty of coral reefs.

In addition we can also do hiking, up the hill in Bukik Langkisau, from the top of this hill we can witness the most spectacular scenery, paragliding sport from the top langkisau have become a national agenda. Also, especially for young children who loved camping, can also be done here. Carocok Beach is usually also have a live music performance schedule.